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Cummins X15 CM2450 X124B (2018 & Newer) Fault Code: 2789 PID: PID 110 SPN: 110 FMI: 18 Engine Coolant Temperature- Data Valid But Below Normal Operational Range- Moderately Severe Level

Circuit Description
The coolant temperature sensor is a variable resistor sensor and is used to measure the temperature of the coolant of the engine. The engine control module (ECM) supplies 5 volts to the coolant temperature signal circuit. The ECM monitors the change in voltage caused by changes in the resistance of the sensor to determine the coolant temperature.

Component Location
The engine coolant temperature sensor is located on the thermostat housing.

Conditions for Running the Diagnostics
This diagnostic runs continuously when the engine is running.

Conditions for Setting the Fault Codes
Engine coolant temperature was less than 60°C [140°F] for over 1 hour during a period of extended idle.

Action Taken When the Fault Code is Active
The ECM illuminates the amber CHECK ENGINE lamp immediately when the diagnostic runs and fails.
Conditions for Clearing the Fault Code
To validate the repair using a Diagnostic Road Test, utilize a route that incorporates both stop and go city type driving and steady state highway type driving. It may be necessary to load the unit for certain diagnostics in the ECM to run.
To validate the repair using a Chassis Dynamometer, utilize a routine that incorporates acceleration and motoring events, steady state highway type operation, and load. This will simulate normal driving and allow the diagnostics in the ECM to run.
The fault code status displayed by INSITE™ electronic service tool will change to INACTIVE immediately after the diagnostic runs and passes.
The Reset All Faults command in INSITE™ electronic service tool can be used to clear active and inactive faults, as well as extinguish the MIL for OBD applications.

Shop Talk
If this fault indicates that coolant temperature is below a calibratible limit set in the ECM.

Refer to Engine Coolant Temperature Below Normal troubleshooting symptom tree tree in the base engine service manual.

Possible Cause:
1) Coolant Temperature sensor failure
2) ECM calibration