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Cummins ISX11.9 CM2250 (2010-12) Fault Code: 441 PID: 168 SPN: 168 FMI: 18 Battery 1 Voltage- Data Valid But Below Normal Operational Range- Moderately Severe Level

Circuit Description
The electronic control module (ECM) receives constant voltage from the batteries through the unswitched battery wires that are connected directly to the positive (+) battery post. There is one 30-ampere fuse in the unswitched battery wires to protect the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) harness. The ECM receives switched battery input through the vehicle keyswitch wire when the vehicle keyswitch is turned ON. The battery return wires are connected directly to the negative (-) battery post.

Component Location
The ECM is connected to the battery by the OEM harness. This direct link provides a constant power supply for the ECM. The location of the battery will vary with the original equipment manufacturer (OEM). Refer to the OEM service manual.

Conditions for Running the Diagnostics
This diagnostic runs continuously when the keyswitch is in the ON position or when the engine is running.

Conditions for Setting the Fault Codes
The ECM detects that the main battery supply voltage is less than 6-VDC.

Action Taken When the Fault Code is Active
The ECM logs the fault code and illuminates the amber CHECK ENGINE light immediately when the diagnostic runs and fails.
Conditions for Clearing the Fault Code
To validate the repair, perform a key cycle, and leave the key in the ON position for 1 minute.
The fault code status displayed by INSITE? electronic service tool will change to INACTIVE immediately after the battery voltage is above +6-VDC and the diagnostic runs and passes.
The ECM will turn off the amber CHECK ENGINE lamp after the diagnostic runs and passes.
The Reset All Faults command in INSITE? electronic service tool can be used to clear active and inactive faults.

Shop Talk
This fault code is logged when the ECM battery supply voltage drops below 6-VDC.

Verify that the ECM unswitched power supply is coming from the batteries and not the starter or other device. Check for possible weak batteries.
If the ECM unswitched battery supply is taken from the starter, check for low voltage during cranking. Low voltage during cranking can cause the ECM power supply to drop below specifications and log Fault Code 441.
Reference the appropriate OEM wiring diagram when troubleshooting circuits that utilize wiring supplied by the OEM.

For intermittent power supply and datalink communication issues with Aftertreatment Components, it is highly recommended that the OEM Power Distribution Center fuses and relays be thoroughly checked for loose, missing or intermittent connections.

Possible Cause:
1) Loose Connections/ Terminals
2) Battery Failure
3) Fuses
4) OEM power Harness
5) ECM calibration